It is important to know that even without signs of the disease, it can still spread to sexual partners. Fluids found in a herpes sore carry the virus, and contact with those fluids can cause infection. If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting herpes:. Have an honest and open talk with your health care provider and ask whether you should be tested for herpes or other STDs. There is no cure for herpes. Where can I get more information? Detailed fact sheets include specific testing and treatment recommendations as well as citations so the reader can research the topic more in depth. Generally, a person can only get HSV-2 infection during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection. Three important steps that providers can take for their newly-diagnosed patients are: giving information, providing support resources, and helping define options. For more information about herpes, including talking with a partner and treatments, contact the following resources:. American Sexual Health Association’s Herpes Resource Center (link is external).
If a pregnant woman or her partner has genital herpes, she and her healthcare provider should talk about ways to protect her and the baby. See the resources section below for more information on all aspects of HSV, including relationships. Sexual health information on genital herpes, an infection caused by either the Type 1 (HSV-1) or Type 2 (HSV-2) herpes simplex virus. Most (90 in one study) of these people have positive blood tests for HSV with no history of symptoms or outbreaks. Treatment can provide some relief of the symptoms and speed healing. HOW CAN I TALK TO MY PARTNER ABOUT HERPES? Most commonly HSV-1 occurs above the waist, usually as cold sores or lesions in the mouth or on the lips and face (orofacial herpes); HSV-2 occurs below the waist, usually as genital sores (genital herpes). HSV-1 and HSV-2 are spread by direct skin-to-skin contact, that is, directly from the site of infection to the site of contact. If you have a cold sore and kiss someone, you can transfer the virus from your mouth to your partner’s. Also, if you have a cold sore and put your mouth on your partner’s genitals (oral sex), you can give your partner genital herpes. Individuals may also experience flu-like symptoms including swollen glands, headache, muscle aches, or fever.
If you have one type of HSV, then it is not possible to get that same type again from a new partner. The first time a person comes in the contact with the virus and gets symptoms is called a primary outbreak. Early symptoms include itching, burning, or tingling at the site where blisters or sores may appear, followed by painful red sores or tiny blisters and sometimes swollen glands, fever and body aches. It is not necessary to treat herpes, but you can talk to your doctor or health care provider if you want more information about this medication. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that’s usually caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). There’s no cure for herpes. Other symptoms may include: pain or a burning sensation during urination; muscle aches; and tender, swollen glands in the groin area. The virus tends to reactivate following some type of stress, like a cold, an infection, hormone changes, menstrual periods, or even before a big test at school. MORE ON THIS TOPIC. Note: All information on KidsHealth is for educational purposes only. The following resources are provided to help you become better informed, however UHS does not endorse content. Clinical services including STD and HIV testing, contraception, emergency contraception, pregnancy testing and options counseling. Bedsider.org – provides information on birth control methods, e-mail or text birth control reminders, testimonials and more. Information about STIs, transmission, prevention, symptoms, treatment options, how to talk to partners, online support groups.
Genital herpes may cause flu-like symptoms in women. There is no cure for herpes. But you can take medicine to prevent outbreaks and to lower your risk of passing genital herpes to your partner. Do you need more information about genital herpes? Learn more about herpes from Health and Wellness Education at IU Health Center. Other symptoms that occur with first infection can include swollen lymph glands, fever, muscle aches, headache and fatigue. HSV is transferred from one person to another by skin to skin contact with an infected person. The signs of an initial (or primary) episode of genital herpes include multiple blisters in the genital area. Herpes Resource Center. This pamphlet will explore ways of feeling more confident in discussing herpes in the context of a sexual relationship. Cold sores on the mouth and genital herpes are medically the same condition. Frequently, what knowledge they have is coloured by myth and misconception. Having the correct information about herpes not only makes it easier for your partner, it makes it easier for you. Following are some of the basic facts about herpes that might be important points to tell a partner. Since they have not been diagnosed, they are unaware that they may be contagious from time to time. There is effective oral antiviral treatment for people with problematic genital herpes. Your partner should avoid direct contact with your genital, anal and pelvic area while you are having an outbreak. You are most contagious when you have symptoms present (although you are sometimes contagious even when there are no symptoms). Talk to your doctor about going on suppressive antiviral therapy, especially if you are getting frequent outbreaks, and/or if you and your partner want to ensure maximum protection against transmission. Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Find out about causes, symptoms, testing, treatment and telling a partner. Most people who get genital herpes get it quite mildly but some will have painful symptoms. This page gives you information about genital herpes, what you can do if you are worried that you might have the infection and advice on how to protect yourself. Remember contact your doctor, practice nurse or a clinic if you are worried or unsure about anything.
Herpes Simplex Virus
Research findings state that only one-third of infected people talk about their sexual health issues with their partner(s), however many people don’t even know they are infected. Treatment: BV is treatable with antimicrobial medicines (orally and vaginally) prescribed by a health care provider. More advanced symptoms, which indicate development of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), include cramps, pain, bleeding between menstrual periods, vomiting or fever. Even when dormant, someone can transmit herpes to a partner through skin to skin contact and what is called viral shedding. Guide for women Veterans on genital herpes, including steps to take to help prevent infection and what to do if infected. The other virus can also cause genital herpes but more often causes blisters of the mouth and lips (e.g., cold sores or fever blisters). The herpes virus is spread by skin-to-skin contact with a person who has the herpes virus:. Your health care provider can talk to you about medicines that treat outbreaks and about ways to reduce the chance of passing the virus on to a sexual partner. For more information, see Safer Sex. For more information about clinical indicator diseases see separate article Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Learn about oral & genital herpes from the Cleveland Clinic, including symptoms, ways to treat and manage herpes, ways to prevent herpes & more. Herpes virus is spread by close personal contact, such as kissing or sexual intercourse.
Learn about patient information and medication guide for the drug Valtrex (Valacyclovir Hydrochloride). Do not have sexual contact with your partner when you have any symptom or outbreak of genital herpes. Use a condom made of latex or polyurethane whenever you have sexual contact. Talk to Your Healthcare Providers. If you are HIV-positive and your partner is HIV-negative, keep in mind there are sexual activities that you can engage in and still be safe. For more information, see the Department of Veterans Affairs’ HIV/AIDS: Sex and Sexuality. Because immune dysfunction is a component of HIV disease, STDs can be more extensive, harder to treat, or recurrent in HIV-positive patients. That’s because some STDs (like herpes or HPV) can be transmitted even if you are using a condom. Sexual Violence Resources. For more information or to schedule an appointment for STI testing, contact the Student Health Center. Women: some or all of the following – discharge from the vagina, bleeding between menstrual periods, burning or pain when urinating, more frequent urination. The infected person and their partner are given antibiotics, which can cure infection in one dose. Genital herpes symptoms include small, painful blisters on the sex organs or mouth, itching or burning before the blisters appear, flu-like feelings. For most people with genital herpes, the biggest concern regarding sexual relations is how to protect their partner (current or future) from contracting herpes. HIV Syphilis Gonorrhea & Chlamydia HPV Hepatitis Herpes. Need Help Telling a Partner about an STI? In order to avoid infection, men should talk to their partners about their history of genital warts. Anal herpes is an infection caused by the herpes virus that erupts as sores or blisters around the anus, the opening through which bowel movements pass. With that information, your doctor can discuss treatment options. Treatment may also reduce your risk for passing the infection to a sexual partner. Article Resources. Please select one of the following:. Find Health Information. Search entire library by keyword. See related health topics and resources. Most are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1), the virus that also causes cold sores. This virus can be spread by sexual contact or from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. If you have viral meningitis, symptoms may include fever, light sensitivity, headache, and a stiff neck. Your healthcare provider may also give you medicine to reduce swelling in the brain and to treat or prevent seizures.