Sexually transmitted infections (STI), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex. Bacterial STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis among others. Herpes simplex and HPV are both examples. Those people at highest risk for syphilis include men having sex with both men and women and people residing in the south. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes a serious liver disease that can result in both immediate illness and lifelong infection leading to permanent liver scarring (cirrhosis), cancer, liver failure, and death. Symptoms include a vaginal discharge in women, and a discharge from the penis in men. A short course of antibiotics usually clears syphilis infection. For example, it can be caused by chlamydia or gonorrhoea (see above) but can also be caused by injury and some other causes. Treatments for genital herpes, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV are more involved and complex.
Health information that includes an overview of Sexually Transmitted Deseases (STDs). Bacterial STDs like gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis, are relatively easy to cure with antibiotics if detected and treated early. Genital herpes, genital warts, Hepatitis B and HIV are viral infections that cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be treated and managed. Testing for active herpes is done on a sample taken from an open sore. It is also easily curable – chlamydia treatment usually consists of a single dose antibiotic. The symptoms of gonorrhoea include the same irregular discharge as the one caused by chlamydia (from the vagina or penis). Syphilis is one of the oldest infections on this list of STDs. Like Hepatitis B, HIV can be transmitted through blood exchange (for example sharing needles) or sex. Your doctor can then take samples from any questionable areas to assist with diagnosis.
Bacterial STIs, which include infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, can be cured with antibiotics. Viral STIs, including HPV, herpes, hepatitis, and HIV, cannot be cured, though they can often be treated. Syphilis is a multi-phase infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. HPV usually causes genital warts called condyloma acuminata (small hard and painless bumps). In hepatitis B, the virus infects the liver cells which can lead to liver damage over time. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections, are infections spread by sexual contact. Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, & Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Herpes Hepatitis Screening & Treatment External Organizations. If includes information on the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of PID.
STDs (sexually Transmitted Diseases)
For example, you may think your annual medical check-up will include tests for STIs, especially if your healthcare provider knows you are sexually active. STIs: chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, herpes, HPV, syphilis and trichomoniasis. Examples of STDs include gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV, herpes, chlamydia, and hepatitis. If you believe you may be infected with an STD, you need to get tested immediately. Symptoms can include:. A health care provider will test a specimen (a sample of cells) from your vagina or cervix. You can get hepatitis B when an infected person’s blood, semen, or other bodily fluid enters your body. Some infections that can be spread by sex, such as the hepatitis B virus, are not traditionally referred to as STDs because they are spread primarily by other means. Some symptoms of STDs include:. In addition, treatment for chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis will avoid potential long-term complications. Viral infections, such as genital warts, genital herpes and HIV cannot be cured. Chlamydia and gonorrhea screening is done either through a urine test or through a swab inside the penis in men or from the cervix in women. Request testing for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis if you:. Your doctor tests you for syphilis by taking either a blood sample or a swab from any genital sores you might have. A blood test also may help detect a herpes infection, but results aren’t always conclusive. Although the terms Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) and Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) are used interchangeably, they are by no means identical. Therefore sexual intercourse includes oral, anal and vaginal sex. Oral sex has been found to spread syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV (causes AIDS), HPV, genital herpes, chlamydia and possibly hepatitis C.